As the European electrification process accelerates, the UK is strengthening its presence in the next generation of power battery technology.
Foreign media reported that the Faraday Institution, led by the British government, announced that it will provide up to 55 million pounds (about 485 million yuan) for five R&D teams, mainly for the next generation of battery technology research and development and industrialization. . These projects will develop and research techniques and methods for battery chemistry, systems, and manufacturing for grid energy storage, electric vehicles, and other applications.
"The world must play a leading role in improving energy storage efficiency as the world moves toward a low carbon economy and seeks to move to a cleaner energy production," said Faraday Agency CEO Neil Morris.
It is understood that the research time of these projects is expected to last for four years, mainly in the four major projects of the new generation of lithium battery cathode materials, lithium-sulfur battery technology, sodium ion battery technology and electrode manufacturing technology. Specifically:
1. A new generation of lithium battery cathode materials
The project has two R&D teams, the first of which is the CATMAT project, which is led by a research team led by Professor Saiful Islam of the University of Bath. Its academic partners include Birmingham University, Cambridge University, University of Liverpool, Oxford University, University College London. Wait.
The CATMAT project received a £11.2 million ($93.32 million) grant from the Faraday Institute to explore and develop new cathode materials for next-generation lithium batteries that can be used in electric vehicles to improve the cost and performance of automotive power batteries.
The CATMAT project also works closely with 12 industry partners including Johnson Matthey, LG Chem, Huntsman, Williams Advanced Engineering and Qinetiq, and has committed to provide a total of £1.1 million in in-kind support.
The second is the FutureCat project, led by the University of Sheffield, whose research team aims to provide positive batteries that can hold more charge, withstand longer charge and discharge, and promote ion migration, and reduce the amount of cobalt used. This will increase the durability of the battery and increase the cruising range and speed of the electric vehicle.
2, lithium sulfur battery technology
The lithium-sulfur battery technology project, led by University College London (UCL), aims to achieve rapid improvements in lithium-sulfur battery technology by generating new knowledge, materials and engineering solutions. The government says it can provide batteries that are "inherently limited" to lithium ions for automotive and other applications if the potential of this material is realized.
3. Sodium ion battery technology (Nexgenna)
Nexgenna is led by St. Andrews University and works on projects including Diamond Light Source. The alliance hopes to advance the development of sodium-ion battery technology through a multidisciplinary approach that delivers high performance, low cost, safety and longer cycle life for commercial applications.
4, electrode manufacturing technology (Nextrode)
Under the leadership of the University of Oxford, Nextrode aims to revolutionize the way electrode production of lithium-ion batteries, research and develop new battery manufacturing tools to develop and create a new generation of intelligent high-performance electrodes, making electric vehicle batteries more durable and higher. recharge mileage.
From the Faraday-funded projects, the UK is strengthening its research in the field of next-generation battery technology, showing the urgency and forward-lookingness of the UK in acquiring advanced battery technology.
It is worth noting that this is not the first time the UK has funded the above projects. As early as 2018, the Faraday Institute allocated £42 million ($51.82 million) to four research projects. The focus of these four projects is to improve the chemical properties, performance and recyclability of current generation lithium-ion batteries and to address the technical barriers to commercial batteries.
As early as 2017, the British government launched a plan called "Faraday Challenge", which is planned for four years. The project plans to invest 246 million pounds (about 2.16 billion yuan) to improve the country's expertise in developing battery technology and transform the UK into a global leader in battery design, R&D and manufacturing.
In May 2019, foreign media reported that the UK Department of Commerce, Energy and Industrial Strategy announced plans to establish a power battery R&D and manufacturing center in Coventry, central England. The project initially invested 28 million pounds (about 246 million yuan), with a total investment of about 80 million pounds (about 700 million yuan).
The UK government aims to provide financial support to test institutions, promote the development of new battery technologies and provide worker training programs. British Commerce Minister Andrew Stephenson declared in the statement: "To push the UK to the front of zero-emission vehicle design and braking is at the heart of our plan."