From the EU's carbon emission control targets to the implementation of China's "double points" policy, the global development of clean energy development strategies, and hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles, after a few years of "satisfaction" After the flood season, it has now ushered in an unprecedented development boom.
Recently, the 4th International Conference on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVC 2019) was held in Rugao. At the meeting, experts and scholars in related fields exchanged ideas on hot topics such as the market application of hydrogen fuel cell technology and the construction of hydrogen energy infrastructure.
The development of hydrogen energy and fuel cell vehicles has become a global consensus
At the current conference, Mr. Hao Bolin, Senior Economic Adviser and One Belt and One Road Strategy Consultant of the United Nations Development Programme, Asia and the Pacific, said, “The current hydrogen and fuel cell industries in China have formed four industrial clusters with more than 33 Listed companies, and the pattern of 40 automakers."
In addition, Mr. Li Jun, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and chairman of the China Automotive Engineering Society, stressed that “the development of hydrogen energy and fuel cell vehicles is not a change in the established new energy vehicle technology route for hybrid and pure electric vehicles, but with hybrid vehicles. Pure electric vehicles realize new and low-carbon measures for China's auto industry with complementary needs and coordinated development. Currently, China has initially formed an independent R&D system capability from fuel cell stacks and fuel cell systems to fuel cell vehicle design integration. And small batch manufacturing capabilities.
According to reports, at present, from a global perspective, Europe and the United States and other countries and regions have taken hydrogen and fuel cell technology as an important direction of the energy technology revolution and an important part of the future new energy strategy, and some have entered the implementation stage. In the automotive field, some of the car companies represented by Toyota, Honda and Hyundai have broken through several important fuel cell stacks and complete vehicle core technologies after years of key technical research, technical assessment and commercial demonstration of specific applications. The vehicle performance has been able to reach the traditional car level.
The data shows that by 2018, the cumulative sales of fuel cell vehicles worldwide has exceeded 12,000. At the same time, the pace of global hydrogen supply infrastructure design and construction has gradually accelerated, and nearly 400 hydrogen refueling stations have been built and operated. In China, as of 2018, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles have accumulated more than 3,000 vehicles and nearly 30 hydrogen refueling stations.
Hydrogen, as a clean and efficient energy carrier, has been recognized by the world and is the core of technology and policy innovation necessary in today's situation. According to reports, within the scope of transportation, before 2020, products from Toyota, Honda, Hyundai, Daimler, BMW, Audi, Peugeot and other car companies will participate in the competition of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. According to Mr. Bart Biebek, executive director of the European Union's Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Cooperation Organization, there are currently 134 hydrogen refueling stations in Europe, and the next plan is to expand to 180. At the same time, the cost of hydrogen-powered buses is also declining in Europe. "The earliest price was 550,000 euros, which has now dropped significantly."
Mr. Bart Biybek also made a bold assumption that “42% of the railways in Europe are not yet electrified, and the cost of railway electrification is very high. If hydrogen is used directly to support the railway, it will have greater use value.”
Autonomous car companies are actively entering the market
In China, SAIC and Great Wall are also actively promoting the development of hydrogen energy and hydrogen fuel cells. According to Zu Weijie, vice president and chief engineer of SAIC Group Co., Ltd., the history of fuel cell research in China can be traced back to the 1950s. In the past year or two, the attention of hydrogen energy and fuel cells has once again increased, especially this year. In March, the government work report first proposed to promote the construction of charging and hydrogenation facilities, and opened a window of rapid development for the development of domestic hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.
SAIC has accumulated more than 10 years of experience in the development, application and application of fuel cell vehicles from the development of Phoenix No. 1 fuel cell vehicle. At present, SAIC Roewe 950 fuel cell car has achieved 50 production and sales, mainly used for lease and UNDP demonstration operation, the accumulated operating mileage has exceeded 500,000 km; in addition, SAIC Chase FCV80, as the first domestic application of new access standard fuel cell Light buses have been commercialized in Shanghai, Fushun, Foshan and other cities, with a cumulative operating mileage of more than 2.1 million kilometers. In the future, SAIC will combine the market demand, and successively launch fuel cell vehicle products such as MPV light trucks and medium-weight trucks to enrich the fuel cell vehicle product matrix.
Tang Haifeng, vice president of Great Wall Motors, stressed that Great Wall Motor is currently raising the development of hydrogen energy to an unprecedented height. In the future, the Great Wall's hydrogen fuel cell vehicles will work together with autonomous driving technology and intelligent network technology to contribute to hydrogen city traffic.
At present, Great Wall Holding Group takes the whole vehicle business as the core, comprehensively promotes the clean and intelligent strategy, and arranges hydrogen energy and lithium power in the field of new energy, and has established two major technology companies: honeycomb energy and non-potential energy. Specific to the hydrogen energy business, Great Wall's main business and products are fuel cell power systems, and the development of related core components; at the same time, Great Wall Motor also focuses on the vehicle business, the development of pure electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles. According to reports, in 2020, Great Wall will launch the first fuel cell prototype, and in 2022 launched a mature fuel cell passenger car model.
In addition to car companies, the state and local governments are also actively promoting the development of hydrogen energy.
China's first hydrogen energy demonstration city
According to reports, as the first hydrogen energy demonstration city of the United Nations Development Programme in China, such as the hydrogen hydrogen demonstration project started in August 2016; now, the project has been implemented for more than three years, and has completed the development of the road map for hydrogen energy development. Such as the design of the hydrogen energy town, such as the feasibility study of renewable energy hydrogen production, the renewal and improvement of hydrogen energy and fuel cell vehicle technical standards, the Yangtze River Delta hydrogen corridor construction development plan, the fuel cell vehicle recycling management system research, etc. .
As a city with an early layout of the national hydrogen energy industry, Rugao has formed one of the regions with relatively high industrial concentration and relatively complete industrial chain construction in recent years. Driven by Rugao's hydrogen energy and hydrogen fuel cell industry base, Jiangsu Province has gathered more than 30 hydrogen fuel cell vehicle key R&D and production enterprises, and built five hydrogen refueling stations with 200 hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Put into trial operation.
This year, the hydrogen energy industry was first written into the work report of the State Council of China, and in the development map of China's hydrogen energy industry, the status of Ruyi is becoming more and more important. In 2018, the scale of the hydrogen energy industry in Rugao City has exceeded 5 billion yuan; today, such as the hydrogen energy town, has become the second batch of characteristic industrial towns in Jiangsu. At the same time, Rugao also plans a 1000-mu hydrogen energy industrial park, which will be equipped with a centralized hydrogen supply station to customize a dedicated plant for hydrogen energy companies.
In order to continue to develop the advantages of the Yangtze River Delta hydrogen fuel cell vehicle industry and promote the cross-regional demonstration and promotion of fuel cell vehicles in the Yangtze River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta demonstration city and the China Automotive Engineering Society jointly promoted by the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission and the Rugao Municipal Government. The “Development Plan for the Integration of Fuel Cell Vehicles in the Yangtze River Delta” was formulated.
According to Mr. Zhang Yi, deputy director of the China International Center for Economic and Technical Exchanges, the 2019 Yangtze River Delta hydrogen fuel vehicle science tour has just ended. “This time, the five cities of Jiaxing, Shanghai, Changshu, Nantong and Rugao have been linked. More than 200 kilometers; the parade has achieved good social publicity and popular science benefits, and the industry has a strong response, which is a highlight of this year's project."
Next, with the implementation of the popular science work of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, the public's awareness and acceptance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles will gradually increase. However, at present, China's hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are mainly guided by commercial vehicles such as passenger cars and logistics, and are being promoted nationwide. However, in the process of commercialization of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, core technologies still need to be upgraded and vehicles are purchased. And a series of bottlenecks such as high operating costs, inadequate policy standards, and full play of the role of enterprises.
Therefore, at present, there is still a long way to go for the development of hydrogen energy and fuel cell vehicles. How to turn to the applause and call it? In addition to the need for state encouragement and guidance in terms of policies, the power of industry and enterprises cannot be ignored.
Looking to the future, China is a major automobile production and sales country. With the rapid transition of energy and transportation systems to decarbonization, China is very likely to occupy the leading position in the global fuel cell economy. We also expect that in the next 5-10 years, hydrogen energy will be able to leap from the demonstration application stage to the market application stage.