In recent years, with the encouragement and support of national policies, China's new energy automobile industry has risen strongly. While developing rapidly, it has also brought revolutionary challenges to the adjustment of China's automobile industry. On this basis, it is expected that by 2020, the power battery powered by China's new energy vehicles will usher in the first wave of decommissioning.
Small workshop-style enterprises are mixing in the recycling market.
Recently, the battery China Network's Xiaobian opened a browser search for "power battery recycling", found that a large number of "professional power battery recycling" ads flooded the page, some corporate ads even advertised that they can provide the highest price of domestic power battery recycling. Xiaobian communicated through various methods such as telephone and WeChat and found that many of the so-called "power battery recycling enterprises" do not have the power battery recycling qualification; some of them are linked to the name of some waste material recycling companies. The recycling category is also varied. When Xiaobian repeatedly asked for material proof of the company's relevant power battery recycling qualifications, these staff members were either flustered or concerned about him.
Earlier, some experts expressed concern about China's power battery recycling market. "The power battery recycling market is a mess, and there is no perfect recycling system. The commercialization model is still being explored, such as small workshop-style informal recycling channels. In the process of mixing, it greatly disturbs the order of healthy development of the market. At the same time, there is a high possibility of a large environmental pollution risk.
According to statistics, in 2018, the total amount of decommissioned power batteries in China reached 74,000 tons, and the recovery of power batteries was only 5,472 tons, accounting for only 7.4% of the total amount of discarded power batteries. The recovery rate of power batteries is far from expected. There are some waste power batteries that flow into informal recycling channels.
Did not follow the "script" to develop, there are still many problems in the actual operation.
Previously, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Environmental Protection (now the Ministry of Ecology and Environment), the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Commerce, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, and the National Energy Administration jointly issued the Interim Measures for the Administration of Recycling and Utilization of New Energy Vehicles It has also been clearly stated that it will continue to encourage automobile manufacturers, battery manufacturers, scrapped car recycling and dismantling enterprises and comprehensive utilization enterprises to jointly build and share the recycling channels of used power batteries through various forms.
Some people in the industry saw the policy favorable, while shouting "the wind is coming", while accelerating the tens of billions of blue oceans, and calling it the last "cake" in the power battery industry chain. According to this beautiful "script" trend, the development of the power battery recycling industry should be like the "Yang Beyond" general koi possession, comprehensively good.
It is true that the power battery recycling market does have a large room for development. The Hancheng Achievements of the General Manager of Bozhou City Haopeng Technology Co., Ltd. once said, “With the large-scale growth period of the power battery industry, except for car companies and battery companies. In addition to raw materials companies and recycling companies, many capitals are also interested in entering the power battery recycling market. But at the same time, we should always remain sober and rational in the face of huge dividends. The construction of the power battery recycling industry chain must break the illusion of delusion, accept the test in the development process, and steadily advance on the ground.
For example, waste power batteries have changed hands many times between dealers, consumers and used car markets. The erratic “travel” has increased the difficulty of traceability; in the terminal market, 4S stores are an important channel for power battery recycling, and recycling in recent years. The quantity is not considerable; the types of waste power batteries are various and varied, which increases the difficulty of ladder utilization and dismantling and recycling; high recycling cost and unstable recycling channels greatly reduce the profit margin of enterprises; recycling enterprises are uneven. Issues such as the absence of effective regulatory measures have also created new challenges. Today, with the rapid development of the power battery industry, how to effectively solve these problems has become imminent.
The road to recycling is "resistance and long" but "the line is approaching"
China Automotive Technology and Research Center predicts that the total amount of decommissioned electric vehicles in China will reach 12-17 million tons in 2020, and the market size in 2022 will exceed 30 billion yuan.
The scale of the power battery is raging, but the construction of the power battery recycling system still has short-boards. This requires the upstream and downstream enterprises to "cooperate with each other" and work together to promote the healthy and stable sustainable development of China's power battery recycling industry. development of:
Improve the threshold for entry, ensure the safety and environmental protection of the recycling line; rationally price, reduce the cost of recycling; speed up the research and project of relevant standards in the process of recycling the power battery, improve the automation and intelligent process of recycling equipment; improve the supervision system, clarify relevant regulations; Promote the pilot work of recycling, cultivate benchmark enterprises, explore environmentally friendly commercial recycling models; increase publicity efforts to enhance consumers' safety and environmental awareness...
The recycling road of power battery is “resistance and long”. In the process of industry development, there will always be different problems and challenges, but we firmly believe that “the line is going to be”, with the continuous breakthrough of recycling technology, the recycling system Gradually improve, the scale of recycling is expanding... I believe these problems and challenges will no longer be a hindrance to the power battery recycling industry.